Every Classical Sampling Circuit is a Quantum Sampling Circuit

This note introduces “Q-marginals”, which are quantum states encoding some probability distribution in a manner suitable for use in Quantum Monte Carlo Integration (QMCI), and shows that these can be prepared directly from a classical circuit sampling for the probability distribution of interest. This result is important as the quantum advantage in Monte Carlo integration is in the form of a reduction in the number of uses of a quantum state encoding the probability distribution (in QMCI) relative to the number of samples that would be required in classical MCI — hence it only translates into a computational advantage if the number of operations required to prepare this quantum state encoding the probability distribution is comparable to the number of operations required to generate a classical sample (as the Q-marginal construction achieves).

Steven Herbert

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