QNLP in Practice: Running Compositional Models of Meaning on a Quantum Computer

ABSTRACT

Quantum Natural Language Processing (QNLP) deals with the design and implemen- tation of NLP models intended to be run on quantum hardware. In this paper, we present results on the first NLP experiments con- ducted on Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) computers for datasets of size ≥ 100 sentences. Exploiting the formal similarity of the compositional model of meaning by Coecke et al. (2010) with quantum theory, we create representations for sentences that have a natural mapping to quantum circuits. We use these representations to implement and successfully train two NLP models that solve simple sentence classification tasks on quantum hardware. We describe in detail the main principles, the process and challenges of these experiments, in a way accessible to NLP researchers, thus paving the way for practical Quantum Natural Language Processing.

Robin Lorenz, Anna Pearson, Konstantinos Meichanetzidis, Dimitri Kartsaklis, Bob Coecke
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