Quantum Speed-ups for Semidefinite Programming

ABSTRACT

We give a quantum algorithm for solving semidefinite programs (SDPs). It has worstcase running time n 1 2 m 1 2 s 2 poly(log(n), log(m), R,r, 1/δ), with n and s the dimension and rowsparsity of the input matrices, respectively, m the number of constraints, δ the accuracy of the solution, and R,r a upper bounds on the size of the optimal primal and dual solutions. This gives a square-root unconditional speed-up over any classical method for solving SDPs both in n and m. We prove the algorithm cannot be substantially improved (in terms of n and m) giving a Ω(n 1 2 + m 1 2 ) quantum lower bound for solving semidefinite programs with constant s, R,r and δ. The quantum algorithm is constructed by a combination of quantum Gibbs sampling and the multiplicative weight method. In particular it is based on a classical algorithm of Arora and Kale for approximately solving SDPs. We present a modification of their algorithm to eliminate the need for solving an inner linear program which may be of independent interest.

Fernando Brandao and Krysta Svore

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