lambeq: Cambridge Quantum Releases World’s First Quantum Natural Language Processing Toolkit and Library

lambeq: Cambridge Quantum Releases World’s First Quantum Natural Language Processing Toolkit and Library

lambeq Accelerates the Development of Practical QNLP Applications

Cambridge Quantum today announced the release of the world’s first toolkit and library for Quantum Natural Language Processing (QNLP). The toolkit is called lambeq, named after the late mathematician and linguist Joachim Lambek.

lambeq is the world’s first software toolkit for QNLP capable of converting sentences into a quantum circuit. It is designed to accelerate the development of practical, real-world QNLP applications, such as automated dialogue, text mining, language translation, text-to-speech, language generation and bioinformatics.

lambeq has been released on a fully open-sourced basis for the benefit of the world’s quantum computing community and the rapidly growing ecosystem of quantum computing researchers, developers and users. lambeq works seamlessly with Cambridge Quantum’s TKET, the world’s leading and fastest-growing quantum software development platform that is also fully open-sourced. This provides QNLP developers with access to the broadest possible range of quantum computers.

This work was based on advances originally pioneered by Bob Coecke, Steve Clark, now Cambridge Quantum’s Head of AI, and others. lambeq was conceived, designed and engineered by Cambridge Quantum’s Oxford-based quantum computing research team led by Chief Scientist Bob Coecke, with senior scientist Dimitri Kartsaklis, Ph.D., as chief architect of the platform. lambeq, and QNLP more broadly, is the result of a research project stretching back over a decade.

“Our team has been involved in foundational work that explores how quantum computers can be used to solve some of the most intractable problems in artificial intelligence,” said Coecke. “This work was based on advances originally pioneered by me, Steve Clark, now Cambridge Quantum’s Head of AI, and others. NLP sits at the heart of these investigations.

The release of lambeq is the natural next step after the publication a few months ago that provided details of the world’s first QNLP implementation by Cambridge Quantum on actual quantum computers, and our initial disclosure of the foundational principles in December 2019.”

“In various papers published over the course of the past year,” Coecke added, “we have not only provided details on how quantum computers can enhance NLP but also demonstrated that QNLP is ‘quantum native,’ meaning the compositional structure governing language is mathematically the same as that governing quantum systems. This will ultimately move the world away from the current paradigm of AI that relies on brute force techniques that are opaque and approximate.”

lambeq enables and automates the design and deployment of NLP experiments of the compositional-distributional (DisCo) type that Cambridge Quantum scientists have previously described. This means moving from syntax/grammar diagrams, which encode a text’s structure, to either (classical) tensor networks or quantum circuits implemented with TKET, ready to be optimised for machine learning tasks such as text classification. lambeq has a modular design so that users can swap components in and out of the model and have flexibility in architecture design.

lambeq removes the barriers to entry for practitioners and researchers who are focused on AI and human-machine interactions, potentially one of the most significant applications of quantum technologies. TKET has gained a worldwide user base now measured in the hundreds of thousands. lambeq has the potential to become the most important toolkit for the quantum computing community seeking to engage with QNLP applications that are amongst the most important markets for AI. A key point that has become apparent recently is that QNLP will also be applicable to the analysis of symbol sequences that arise in genomics as well as in proteomics.

Merck Group, a launch partner and early adopter of lambeq, recently published a research paper on QNLP as part of a project with the innovation programme Quantum Entrepreneurship Laboratory from the Technical University of Munich.

Thomas Ehmer from Merck’s IT Healthcare Innovation Incubator and co-founder of the Quantum Computing Interest Group, said, “Using the unique features of quantum computing for fundamental breakthroughs is an important part of our research at Merck. Our recently disclosed project in QNLP with researchers from TU Munich has proven that binary classification tasks for sentences using QNLP techniques can achieve results comparable even at this stage to existing classical methods. Clearly, the infrastructure around quantum computing will need to advance before these techniques can be employed commercially. Critically, we can see how the approach employed in QNLP opens the route towards explainable AI, and thus to more accurate intelligence that is also accountable – which is critical in medicine.”

“There is a lot of interesting theoretical work on QNLP, but theory usually stands at some distance from practice,” said Kartsaklis. “With lambeq, we give researchers the opportunity to gain hands-on experience on experimental aspects of QNLP, which is currently completely unexplored ground. This is a crucial step towards reaching the point where practical, real-world NLP applications on quantum hardware become a reality.”

 

GITHUB

lambeq has been released as a conventional python
repository on github.

View here

The quantum circuits generated by lambeq have thus far been
executed and implemented on IBM quantum computers and
Honeywell Quantum Solutions’ H series devices.

ARXIV

The toolkit is introduced by a technical report uploaded on arXiv.

Available here

TECHNICAL ENQUIRES

Technical enquiries can be directed to:
lambeq-support@cambridgequantum.com

In recent years, NLP-based applications have become ubiquitous across sectors worldwide, from customer service and consumer technology to healthcare and advertising. According to industry analysts, the global NLP market is expected to be worth $127.26 billion by 2028 with a CAGR of nearly 30 percent.

 

CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM ON MEDIUM

Cambridge Quantum’s scientists regularly post on Medium, a place to write, read, connect and find good ideas. Medium is another hub for dynamic thinking and to find expert and undiscovered voices.
Follow us there for more of our news and updates.

A more generally accessible blog post can be read here.

 

Cambridge Quantum and Honeywell Combine

lambeq: Cambridge Quantum Releases World’s First Quantum Natural Language Processing Toolkit and Library

lambeq Accelerates the Development of Practical QNLP Applications

Honeywell Quantum Solutions, an investor and commercial partner with Cambridge Quantum since 2019, and Cambridge Quantum have combined, forming a new company that is extremely well-positioned to lead the quantum computing industry by offering both hardware and software solutions.

  • Cambridge Quantum, a global leader in quantum software and algorithms, today announced they have entered into a definitive agreement under which Cambridge Quantum will combine with Honeywell Quantum Solutions (HQS), a Honeywell business unit and maker of the highest performing quantum computer currently available. Honeywell has been an investor in and commercial partner with Cambridge Quantum since 2019.
  • The combination will form a new company that is extremely well-positioned to lead the quantum computing industry by offering advanced, fully integrated hardware and software solutions at an unprecedented pace, scale and level of performance to large high-growth markets worldwide.
  • The new company’s combined expertise will deliver solutions to customers globally as well as spur advances that will accelerate the adoption and impact of quantum technology worldwide.

“Joining together into an exciting newly combined enterprise, HQS and CQ will become a global powerhouse that will create and commercialize quantum solutions that address some of humanity’s greatest challenges, while driving the development of what will become a $1 trillion industry,” said Ilyas Khan, founder of CQ. “I am excited to lead a company that has the best people and technologies in the quantum computing industry and the best and boldest clients. Together we will lead the industry as it grows and matures, and create tangible, credible, provable and science-led advances.”

Honeywell’s Chairman and CEO Darius Adamczyk noted, “The new company will have the best talent in the industry, the world’s highest performing quantum computer, the first and most advanced quantum operating system, and comprehensive, hardware- agnostic software that will drive the future of the quantum computing industry. The new company will be extremely well positioned to create value in the near-term within the quantum computing industry by offering the critical global infrastructure needed to support the sector’s explosive growth.”

Adamczyk added, “Since we first announced Honeywell’s quantum business in 2018, we have heard from many investors who have been eager to invest directly in our leading technologies at the forefront of this exciting and dynamic industry – now, they will be able to do so. The new company will provide the best avenue for us to onboard new, diverse sources of capital at scale that will help drive rapid growth.”

“Since we first announced Honeywell’s quantum business in 2018, we have heard from many investors who have been eager to invest directly in our leading technologies at the forefront of this exciting and dynamic industry – now, they will be able to do so. The new company will provide the best avenue for us to onboard new, diverse sources of capital at scale that will help drive rapid growth.”

Dariuz Adamczyk

Founded in 2014, Cambridge Quantum has assembled the industry’s largest scientific team in quantum algorithms and software to achieve major advances in cybersecurity, finance, drug discovery, materials science, optimization, quantum machine learning, natural language processing and more. Cambridge Quantum will continue its presence and expand its software and algorithm development team in the UK, with offices in Cambridge, London and Oxford, and overseas in the USA (Washington), Germany and Japan. CQ will operate with no change to its globally recognized brand.

Honeywell began its quantum computer development program a decade ago and uses trapped-ion technology that uses charged atoms to hold quantum information. The Honeywell System Model H1 consistently achieves the highest quantum volume – a comprehensive performance measurement used widely by the industry – on a commercial quantum computer.

The new company, which will be formally named in due course, will have a long-term agreement with Honeywell to help manufacture the critical ion traps needed to power the quantum hardware. Honeywell will invest between US$270million to US$300 million in the new company.

 

 

ADDITIONAL DETAILS

Honeywell will be the majority shareholder of the new company, and CQ’s shareholders will own over 45% of the new company. The transaction has been unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of both Cambridge Quantum and Honeywell. The deal is intended to close in Q3 this calendar year and is subject to the satisfaction of certain regulatory approvals, and other customary closing conditions.

Merrill Lynch International (“BofA Securities”) is acting as exclusive financial advisor to Cambridge Quantum, while Morrison & Foerster LLP is acting as its legal advisor. J.P. Morgan Securities LLC is acting as exclusive financial advisor to Honeywell, while Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP is acting as its legal advisor.

 

ABOUT HONEYWELL

Honeywell is a Fortune 100 technology company that delivers industry-specific solutions that include aerospace products and services; control technologies for buildings and industry; and performance materials globally. Our technologies help aircraft, buildings, manufacturing plants, supply chains, and workers become more connected to make our world smarter, safer, and more sustainable. For more news and information on Honeywell, please visit www.honeywell.com/newsroom.