Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.

 

Cambridge Quantum Algorithm Solves Optimisation Problems Significantly Faster, Outperforming Existing Quantum Methods

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.

 

The Threat and Promise of Quantum Cybersecurity

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.

 

A new method to efficiently perform factoring would defeat modern encryption systems.
And Shor had just provided the theoretical method for doing it.

The Threat from Quantum Computing

Despite such advances, there are varying opinions on when Shor’s Algorithm may pose a serious threat to cybersecurity, with estimates ranging from five to 20 years. One factor suggesting a shorter timescale is the faster-than-Moore’s Law trajectory of current quantum hardware. Honeywell, for instance, believes it can increase the power of quantum computers by a factor of 10 every year for the next five years, yielding an increase in power of 100,000x by 2025.

Does this mean you should wait until “Q Day” to become concerned? Absolutely not: The need to protect infrastructure systems is more immediate than that, for three reasons.

First, it takes time to upgrade security software, and massive infrastructure that corporations or governments utilise can require months or even years to make this transition.

Second, there are rumors that adversarial governments and other bad-faith actors are archiving data now in anticipation of future decryption capabilities, known as a “harvest-now, decrypt-later” attack. This means, for example, that the encrypted files of a future jet fighter could be stolen now and later decrypted.

Third, Shor’s Algorithm is a proof that efficient decryption of RSA is realisable but is by no means the most efficient way to accomplish this; there have already been substantial improvements upon the original algorithm.

It is entirely possible that tomorrow a clever researcher could develop a vastly more efficient method of decryption, placing us that much closer to cybersecurity vulnerability. Thus, enterprises should consider making the transition as soon as possible.

Fortunately, intense effort is already underway to develop new cryptographic algorithms resistant to quantum hacking.

In 2016 the National Institute of Standards and Technology invited submissions for such “Post-Quantum Encryption (PQE).” Intense study followed as mathematicians, computer scientists and physicists did their utmost to defeat such submissions using quantum technology, both existing and theoretical. From the original 82 submissions, there are currently seven finalists. The winners are expected to be announced between 2022 and 2024. There will likely be a few algorithms selected, with a tradeoff between security and power consumption.

Protection Using Quantum Technologies

While it has become well-understood that quantum technologies can be used to attack communications, what is lesser known is how they can be used to protect communications. In particular, their role in an often overlooked yet fundamental aspect of cybersecurity: randomness.

Randomness is most often associated with cryptographic keys or passwords. An obvious property of such keys is that their method of generation should be non-deterministic. Any mathematical formula or pattern in such supposedly random generation would render its usefulness null.

The other essential aspect is its security. After its generation, there should not be any means for an adversary to gain knowledge of what this key is. Both these number generation and security issues are directly relevant to quantum computing.

Let us first consider number generation. While we all have an intuitive sense of what randomness means, have you ever considered how to generate a truly non-deterministic random number? Your first instinct may be to toss a die. But consider that the die obeys the laws of physics, which are completely understood and completely predictable. If you measured the speed and direction of your toss, the air pressure, the weight of the die and so forth, and then performed careful calculations to compute the trajectory, you would predict the outcome with 100% certainty. The fact that such modeling is possible means that this outcome is not at all random.

If we generalise this concept, we realise that any method using classical (non-quantum) physics is deterministic. This includes asking a classical computer to generate random numbers. While they can certainly generate pseudo random numbers, the computer merely follows a formula based on internal, obscure data (such as the number of milliseconds to have elapsed since the last restart) to calculate numbers that only superficially appear random. All of this could be modeled by a quantum-powered attacker.

The answer to producing true randomness lies in quantum physics. Quantum physics is based on superposition, the idea that a system can exist in multiple configurations simultaneously. Measuring the system then forces it to choose one of these configurations.

To produce the quantum equivalent of a coin toss, prepare a quantum state in a 50% “1” state and 50% “0” state, and then measure it. This will result in a “1” or a “0” outcome with equal probability. Performing this operation several times results in a string of 1s and 0s corresponding to a random key.

There are a number of commercially available quantum random number generators (QRNGs) that attempt to measure quantum processes like this. While such QRNGs may be entirely viable ways of producing random keys, there is a shortcoming related to their security. If an adversary were to tamper with the quantum states, or at least eavesdrop, how would one know? The output is simply 1s and 0s, and so it would be impossible to determine if this were secure or not.

This is not merely a hypothetical: “Quantum Hacker” Vadim Makarov demonstrated that he was able to influence the output of quantum tunneling by shining a flashlight on the photodetectors. A similar issue would occur if the performance of the QRNG degraded over time – something that is quite feasible in a complex device that relies on mirrors and lasers.

Are we then cursed to have this theoretically random-but-insecure means of producing cryptographic keys? Fortunately, quantum mechanics comes to the rescue once again.

Quantum physics is based on superposition, the idea that a system can exist in multiple configurations simultaneously. Measuring the system then forces it to choose one of these configurations.

Playing Dice with the Universe

Albert Einstein famously commented, “God does not play dice with the universe.” Apparently, He (or She) does, and in 1964 Irish physicist John Bell proved it.

Bell developed a mathematical method to distinguish quantum processes from classical ones. This was based on quantum entanglement, the idea that the quantum state of one particle can be correlated with another, even if physically separated. Entanglement is a purely quantum property with no classical counterpart.

By focusing on entanglement, Bell provided a precise means of identifying quantum (and therefore random) processes from classical (and therefore deterministic) processes. And since any tampering or eavesdropping would require classical means, Bell also provided a proof of the outcome’s security. There is no longer any trust in devices required, only fundamental physics.

New approaches to cryptographic key generation are being developed that build on this trustless entanglement technique. These approaches offer guarantees (and proof) that the keys are perfectly random in nature and haven’t been influenced by any attacker, quantum or otherwise. As we move toward a quantum future, technology like this will be critical to maintaining the security we enjoy today.

 

Quantum Cybersecurity
Duncan Jones
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Cambridge Quantum’s Technologies
John Bell

 

Cambridge Quantum Announces Integration of TKET Platform into Strangeworks Ecosystem

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.

 

German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Cambridge Quantum Partner

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.

 

Cambridge Quantum and Total Announce Multi-Year Collaboration

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG Partner

Leveraging Latest Quantum Algorithms to Optimise Train Scheduling

Cambridge Quantum and Deutsche Bahn Netz AG (DB) announce today a partnership to explore how quantum computers can improve the rescheduling of rail traffic as part of DB’s long-term transformative plan, Digitale Schiene Deutschland, to digitise DB’s infrastructure and railway system using next-generation technologies to achieve a higher capacity and optimal utilisation of the rail network.

Combining Cambridge Quantum’s latest combinatorial optimisation algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimised realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modelling can inform a long-term vision for a faster and greener transportation network.

Ilyas Khan, CEO of Cambridge Quantum, said, “We are very excited to be working with Deutsche Bahn to explore and demonstrate the utility of today’s Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors to solve real-world problems in the transport and logistics sector. Deutsche Bahn’s research and development efforts in this area are of critical importance, and we are confident that over time as quantum computers start to scale, our work with the Deutsche Bahn will lead to a meaningful contribution towards a cleaner and greener future.”

Michael Küpper, lead of Capacity and Traffic Management System at Digitale Schiene Deutschland, said, “The collaboration with Cambridge Quantum is a perfect example of how Deutsche Bahn is working as a partner with industry providers and combining our relative expertise towards a goal neither side can achieve alone. By working with Cambridge Quantum, we have fine-tuned our research and development plans and taken the first steps in defining a future quantum-advantaged train timetabling system. We are excited to continue working with Cambridge Quantum to address some of the key challenges and contribute to the rapidly evolving field of NISQ quantum algorithm research.”

 

ABOUT DEUTSCHE BAHN

As a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG is responsible for the rail infrastructure.
DB Netz AG is the service provider for currently 420 railway undertakings (RUs) utilising a route network comprising nearly 33,300 km. The German railway network is the longest in all of Europe. DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory access to its infrastructure. The performance of non-DB-Group railways in the network has greatly increased over the years. DB Netz is responsible for the operation of an efficient railway infrastructure (long-distance and conurbation networks, regional networks, train-formation and treatment facilities).

Digitale Schiene Deutschland is a sector initiative of DB AG, the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and further relevant transport associations for the fundamental modernisation and digitalisation of railway infrastructure through the consistent introduction of digital control and safety technology. In addition, Digitale Schiene Deutschland is working on a far-reaching digitalisation of the railway system. For this, a system architecture will detail the tasks of individual components of the railway system, and how they should work together.

 

ABOUT CAMBRIDGE QUANTUM

Founded in 2014 and backed by some of the world’s leading quantum computing companies, Cambridge Quantum is a global leader in quantum software and quantum algorithms, enabling clients to achieve the most out of rapidly evolving quantum computing hardware. Cambridge Quantum has offices in Europe, USA, and Japan. On 8th June 2021, Cambridge Quantum announced a merger with Honeywell Quantum Solutions which is expected to close in Q4 2021. Access the source code for lambeq, TKET, Python bindings and utilities on GitHub.